Maybe this has already been pointed out, but I think it is helpful to bear in mind that in chapter 9 Paul was addressing the theology of Pharisic Judaism. (2) Certainly God may choose to save whosoever He is pleased to save (scripture teaches He chooses to save those who humble themselves and repent in faith – 1 Pt. (1) This is a self-sacrificial, Christ-like love for those who have become his enemies. John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that. —Every […] Curious what your insights are on that? VI. HOW GOD’S WORD, AND THUS HIS GLORY, IS REVEALED THROUGH MERCY-ING AND HARDENING ISRAEL (22-24). (1) The descendants of Abraham in Paul’s day had two false perceptions: (a) Every descendant deserves the benefit of bringing God’s Word. ‘Like clay in the hand of the potter, so are you in my hand, Israel. We could all spend hours remembering times when we prayed and prayed, often with tears, only to conclude in the end that our prayers had not been answered. In these chapters Paul teaches us about Israel’s relationship with God.. 1 The Failure of Israel Lament over Israel being lost (Romans 9:1 … Israel’s Rejection & God’s Justice (Part 1) Sermon by R.C. Yes, “firstborn” is a separate issue… and it’s interesting that it does not have to be a term to mean “first” in time, but “first” in priority instead. (1) The apostle is taking this one step further by not only seeking to prove his claims about the descendants of Abraham are true, but to even more specifically show that not even the direct descents of Isaac are: (a) Guaranteed salvation on the basis they are a descendant. Romans 8:31-38 . If the Calvinist wants to concede that “beloved” in 9:25 means some entity that includes both elect and non-yet elect, then they should have no problem seeing everyone in all of the nation of Israel as beloved for the gospel sake, or everyone in all nations as beloved for the gospel sake for that matter. B. Romans, Expository Sermons - From The Executable Outlines Series by Mark A. Copeland - Hundreds of free sermon outlines and Bible study materials available for online browsing and downloading. STUBBORN ISRAEL. And he was there to bury Abraham with Isaac. Why blame someone if their rebellious actions were apart of God’s plan? Other descendants of Abraham (Esau and the Edomites) were not chosen for this noble purpose. And then there is the beautiful analogy of the First Man — Adam, and the Second Man — Jesus. (1) By hardening Pharaoh God demonstrated his power over all the false Egyptian gods. Do not despise an Edomite, for the Edomites are related to you. (2) This likewise reflects the same heart of Moses referenced by the apostle in 9:15: “Then Moses returned to the LORD and said, ‘Oh, these people have committed a great sin, and have made for themselves a god of gold! I would like to preach for a while this evening on this thought: Burdened For A Lost People. I agree with you, though, it’s heart-warming to see how, when it comes to a personal relationship with Ishmael, Esau, Cain, etc., God clearly loves them deeply and always holds out his hands to them for relationship and salvation, whether temporal or eternal. (a) Paul’s reference to Moses’ encounter with God in Exodus 32-33 gives a perfect historical example of when God was merciful to Israel when they deserved to be destroyed for their unfaithfulness (worshipping a golden calf). Many more Gentiles are pursuing righteousness by faith and therefore are attaining it (vs 30). 4:21-25: “Abraham had two sons, one by the bondwoman and one by the free woman. 32:31-32). 2. “Why? II. For the most part, Israel is pursuing righteousness by works and they are not attaining it (vs 31). By no means! (1) God patiently put up with Israel, even in their stubborn rebellion, so as to accomplish a greater redemptive good (crucifixion and the grafting in of the Gentiles). WHY GOD IS JUST TO HARDEN UNFAITHFUL ISRAELITES TO ACCOMPLISH HIS PROMISE IN BRINGING THE WORD (17-18). That should lead the reader to wonder on whom then “should” God have mercy or on whom does God “want” to have mercy. Here is evidence that Esau later became a believer and that any Edomites were welcome to become believers also. We begin a study of Romans on September the 15th, 2019 and it is my desire to have an outline that will help us focus on our particular scripture passages for each weeks study. Sproul. IX. We have all met stubborn people like the little boy who insisted on standing up in the car. Something interesting I have been thinking about: God often chooses the second-born or the younger son for His service. I know I pointed out one time (being yet a Calvinist myself) that God clearly loved and blessed Ishmael. Flowers for presenting and generously sharing such a thorough and straightforward treatment of the text. (3) People formerly not known to be His people are now benefitting from the redemptive plan God has brought to pass through both the noble and ignoble vessels formed by the merciful Potter from the predominantly unfaithful lump of Israelite clay. The Prophets of old spoke of these truths. Hint Luke 15:20. However, no one is saved based on nationality but only upon grace through faith. ;-). The Agape Factor: 12 Ways to Love (Romans 12:9-16) Calling All Servants (Romans 12:8; I Corinthians 12:28) Blueprint for a Healthy Church (Romans 12:3-8) What Moves Your Mountain? 6 He said, ‘Can I not do with you, Israel, as this potter does?’ declares the Lord. The Romans Sermon Outlines This material is from ExecutableOutlines.com, a web site containing sermon outlines and Bible studies by Mark A. Copeland. Paul again expresses this desire for unbelieving Israel in 10:1, which is repeated with a quote from God’s own lips in 10:21. Scripture: Romans 8:7–11. John Piper Dec 2, 2001 147 Shares Sermon. Thank you, Deborah, for sharing your good insights in such a humble fashion. (1) The lump of hardened clay represents Israel who is had grown calloused in rebellion (Acts 28:27) and who are now being re-molded into two kinds of vessels: (a) Those unfaithful Israelites remolded, by means of signs from the incarnate Messiah Himself, to bring the Word. By the power of the indwelling Holy Spirit, you can choose to sacrifice your selfish interests on behalf of others with the aim that they will be conformed to the image of Christ (their highest good). SERMON NOTES Romans 8:31-39 . Paul expresses His thankfulness to God for the reputation of the Romans’ faith, for whom he faithfully prays for God’s will to visit them 1:8-10. Heh heh, yeah, I’m a second-born with an older sister, so maybe I secretly like it that God switches it up? But indeed, O man, who are you to reply against God?”. Exodus 3:8 I. 2-3 – Zeal without knowledge. 9:7 : Neither because they are lineally the seed of Abraham,will it follow that they are all children of God - This did not hold even in Abraham's own family; and much less in his remote descendants. (3) The special revelation of God, which all served to testify and prepare the way for the Messiah and His gospel, came by way of this elect nation. . ROMANS 9:4-5. WHO IS THE ADOPTION, THE GLORY, THE COVENANTS. Believe in Your Heart That God Raised Jesus from the Dead Easter Sunday. I look forward to reading a copy of his book. (2) Here, the apostle deals with his feelings about the current condition of Israel, who has rejected their own Messiah. Because they did not seek it by faith, but as it were, by the works of the law.”. As it is written: ‘Behold, I lay in Zion a stumbling stone and rock of offense, And whoever believes on Him will not be put to shame.’”. (c) and the hope of the apostle is that they may be grafted back in and saved (11:11-32). I found this outline incredibly helpful in understanding Romans 9. Finally, we need a greater understanding about the potter/clay analogy Paul uses in this text. A. (a) Those judicially hardened or cut off are not born in this condition, but have “grown hardened” over years of rebellion (Acts 28:27), (b) they are cut off for unbelief (11:20). Paul And his Kinsmen In the flesh — Romans 9: 1-5. God can have mercy on unfaithful desendants when it serves His purpose. Jesus has always demanded one’s all in following him. IV. But our sovereign God chooses to save those who pursue righteousness by faith rather than by works regardless of their nationality or morality. Vessels Unto Honour or Dishonour — Romans 9: 19-24. I would very much like to use this outline if I may have your consent to do so. %��������� For who has resisted His will? 11:11-32). God may be patient and merciful on rebellious people when it serves a greater redemptive purpose. (2) This is the apostle’s way of using a history lesson to remind his audience that being a seed of Abraham does not mean one is guaranteed the blessings listed in verses 4 and 5, which were specific to the seed of Isaac. “As it is written, ‘Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated.’”. x�Z]s��}ׯ�G��$�������n�]sk��Aa�$Vq�_�e��==GB��^WjP�f�k�O����*�d$�'á'��D�H~�D�����\\���K��E�zN���Q�x�.r�r�@��;�����ky� ��Z�`���n�����l��Hs���2�țO�� �fK�}x��p+_�=����G��I~����Ϗr{�����o2�;��@�>Ό�Ge���/ElI]H�z�8� Z�Lߺף��e7�}*�2��ʫ��Czҗ��~����2�Q_��͸6ch�̼ ��f&6cj��g��ׯ��+G��5�O�\Iy�]\c��3��k�w�w������m:�agV���TԎ�H��{�̕6���όT��\Ψ�)��X�2s���IGesz�?gH�k{�)��N;ŵz�����7�6DDM�����^�b%yF��r'�\c���c�����s�sK�;�q7};����=�(5�¹Q�������| wk �,��(�b��E� ��+��_Ѽ��$�$��? A. Paul gives an inspired summary of this chapter. 3:3-4). (1) This is the way in which the word of promise given to Abraham (Gen. 12:3) is to be fulfilled. Anyway, Brian, thank you again for being the voice of reason on this website, in so many ways, I always enjoy reading your comments and I confess I skip over everyone else to get to yours at times, lol . “For this is the word of promise: ‘At this time I will come and Sarah shall have a son.’”. B. B. (1) Sometimes God will fulfill His promises by showing Israelites mercy, but His Word will never fail. “Will the thing formed say to him who formed it, “Why have you made me like this?” Does not the potter have power over the clay, from the same lump to make one vessel for honor and another for dishonor?”. 4-10 – Faith brings salvation . Never thought about that! (1) The promise made to Abraham to bless all the families of the earth (by the coming Messiah and His message) is now being fulfilled through the hardening and mercy-ing of Israel. Paul is using an analogy taken from Jer. If he ever did, it would have been the time a rich young man came to follow Jesus. Deborah… the following thoughts might help also… very much in agreement with Leighton. (2) Sometimes God will fulfill His promises by hardening Israelites, but His Word will never fail. 9 And if at another time I announce that a nation or kingdom is to be built up and planted, 10 and if it does evil in my sight and does not obey me, then I will reconsider the good I had intended to do for it. Paul Discusses the Israel of God —Outline of Romans 9 to 11. “If I have found favor in your eyes, accept this gift from me. 3:3-4). (1) Not every descendant of Israel is chosen to carry out the purpose for which God elected Israel. C. God’s purpose in electing Israel is not dependant upon the willing and running of Israel, “So then it is not of him who wills, nor of him who runs, but of God who shows mercy.”. I teach a small group at a small church, about thirty-one in my class. (3) Sarah is a free woman and represents the covenant of faith, as opposed to the covenant of law represented by the slave woman (Gal. Inwardly, however, he was holding back. But God will have mercy on those on whom He grants His righteousness which they pursued and came to possess through faith (vs 32). Contributed by Dr. Craig Nelson on Jul 23, 2020. based on 2 ratings. I don’t know if you saw any of the times when I pointed to Rom 9:25 as a means to get Calvinists to rethink what being loved by God means. “Therefore He has mercy on whom He wills, and whom He wills He hardens.”. 3:10-19) rather than by faith (Rom. stream I didn’t understand Romans at all. Apr 22, 1984. Updated: Sat, 10/07/2017 - 07:12 By admin. (1) Why were the Israelites not able to attain righteousness? The pattern exists throughout the Bible. Later he knelt by his bed to say his prayers and ended with the usual blessings for all the family but one. Ishmael’s mother was the first recorded post flood theophany… though there were probably others prior… maybe even Job’s. John Piper Feb 21, 2001 10 Shares Sermon. 3:21-31). 4:21-26). Romans 10:9-10. “And not only this, but when Rebecca also had conceived by one man, even by our father Isaac…”. In the previous eight chapters, Paul made man’s need and God’s gracious provision through Christ abundantly clear. C. The tone shifts dramatically to the topic of Paul’s great sorrow and continual grief for Israel who has now been “cut off in their unbelief” (Rom. IF THE ISRAELITES’ UNRIGHTEOUSNESS ACCOMPLISHES GOD’S PROMISE TO BRING HIS WORD, WHY ARE THEY TO BLAME? was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the. It would also help to note that no verse mentions election before creation in this chapter, but that there is a “seed” that is currently being reckoned (present tense) in verse 6. Yet now, if You will forgive their sin; but if not, I pray, blot me out of Your book which You have written’” (Exodus 32:31-32). Israel is called that, not being the first nation God created… and Ephraim is called that, not being the first son of Joseph (but the second… ;-)) and not the first tribe in Israel either, of course. “(for the children not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of Him who calls) it was said to her, ‘The older shall serve the younger.'”. 31 What, then, shall we say in response to these things? are the 1-2 punch for a knockout of all things deterministic. “What if God, wanting to show His wrath and to make His power known”. Romans 9 is a text revealing that it is by faith one is a true Israelite. Yet Paul had a great solicitude for these people because he saw them living in the commission of great sin. Watch this message here: Let’s Go! A. 1. (2) Isaac will be the lineage through whom the Word would come: The Messiah and His message come through Isaac’s seed, not Ishmael’s. But Levi was the third son… (like me) lol, and chosen to represent all of Israel! In fact He will have some kind of mercy on all (11:32), giving all a sufficient opportunity to hear His call to them to seek Him (10:18). PRAYER FOR ISRAEL – Vs. 1 – For their salvation. I mention this to illustrate that Paul’s point in Romans, when he says, “Jacob have I loved, Esau have I hated,” has nothing to do with the personal salvation of these two men, and is not meant to support Calvin’s theology. It is easy to discover that He wants His mercy to be on a people who were not His “people” or “beloved” before. The accounts of God’s interactions with these men show us that while he rejected them for a specific vocation, in no way did he reject them for a personal relationship with Him! I now see how foolish it was to think this passage was there to support Calvin’s soteriology. I was hoping to see a reference to Jeremiah’s Potter’s house story in Jeremiah 18. (5) Salvation is by the covenant of grace through faith in the call of God, not the covenant of law through works. Sproul. Romans 1:8-16 Romans 1:8-16 Romans 1:8-23 Romans 1:12 Romans 1:14 Romans 1:14-17 Romans 1:16 Romans 1:16 Romans 1:16 Romans 1:16 Romans 1:17 Romans 1:18 Romans 1:18 Romans 1:18ff Romans 1:18-24 Romans 1:18-25 (b) in reference to God’s selection of Jacob and his lineage for the noble purpose over Esau and his lineage. The third generation of children born to them may enter the assembly of the Lord. Jesus recognized that. I think it is to represent the reality of the First Covenant and the Second Covenant, the contrast between the “ministry of death” and the “ministry of life,” the weakness of the first covenant: the Law, and the eternal strength of the second covenant: the Spirit. 9:1-3; 10:1, 21; 11:11-32). Thanks to Dr. (b) Abraham should have waited on God’s promise to Sarah by faith, so she and Isaac are being used by Paul allegorically to represent the covenant of grace which is applied through faith. A. God’s choosing to bless one descendant over another descendant does not make Him unrighteous. “Paul really takes a triple oath here so strongly is he stirred. Some of it I had put together on my own, but there were still some very difficult parts that I was uncertain how Paul’s argument and chain of thought were developing. Romans 12:9-21 A little boy was punished by his father. Indeed it is so near us it is in our mouth and in our heart by the word of faith being proclaimed to us. A. Paul testifies to the seriousness and sincerity of his inspired words. But God then said, In Isaac shall thy seed be called - That is, Isaac, not Ishmael, shall be called thy seed; that seed to which the promise is made. 4:21-26). (1) God’s choice of Jacob, the lesser of the two brothers in age and physical prowess, was for the noble purpose of bringing the Word to the rest of the world. (2) The vessels prepared for mercy are “all the families of the earth” (Gen. 12:3) who God has promised His blessing from the very beginning: “Whoever calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Rom. (Able was the second of Adam’s sons, etc.) That Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness of faith; but Israel, pursuing the law of righteousness, has not attained to the law of righteousness.”. Humanity" - Romans 3:9-23 Paul is the prosecuting attorney bringing an indictment in the case of God vs. Romans 9:1-5: Pulpit Commentary Homiletics. (19-21). Do those cut off and hardened by God have the right to question God’s judgements? Introduction If Romans 8 has the distinction of being the high-water mark of the New Testament, chapter 9 has the dubious honor of teaching one of the most emotionally volatile doctrines of all the Bible, that of election. If someone (a calvinist) is going to argue that Paul is engaging with anything remotely Arminian, they must first show that Pharisaic Judaism is fundamentally homologous with Arminianism. If God is for us, who can be against us? In these opening verses of chapter 9, Paul reveals his heart for his people the Jews. WHAT ABOUT ISRAEL?. “You will say to me then, “Why does He still find fault? The prodigal son was the younger son. Do not despise an Egyptian, because you resided as foreigners in their country. Although many of them were exceedingly moral and religious. Certainly not!”. 11:20). I don’t know if there were any important third sons in Scripture… though Seth now comes to mind… and maybe Shem… though probably Ham was the youngest of the three, which isn’t too encouraging! (a) Was it because they were rejected by God before the foundation of the earth and not given the grace they needed to believe? (2) God told Hosea to call his child “Lo-Ammi,” meaning “Not My People.” However, God also promised this was temporary. 4:21-25, NASB, emphasis added). This leads into chapters 9-11 and the Nation of Israel. (3) God’s plan has always been to glorify whosoever believes and trust in Him, whether of Israel or the other nations of the Earth. (a) Abraham “willed and ran” in the flesh to produce a son through Hagar (who Paul used symbolically to represent the covenant of law and works, Gal. 5 Outlines . I think the idea of the firstborn in the Bible holds a separate meaning from what God is illustrating with switching up the birth orders at times. This excludes the idea of a loved elect individual person before creation (besides Christ) being read into verses 25-26. And it would be helpful to read each time the phrases “will have mercy” and “will harden” more fully and literally as He will have mercy/harden with whom He “should” and “wants to” have mercy and harden. BASIC OUTLINE OF ROMANS CHAPTER 9 9:1-5 – Declaration of the fact that God has not fulfilled His program and purpose with Israel. 4 But the pot he was shaping from the clay was marred in his hands; so the potter formed it into another pot, shaping it as seemed best to him. Romans 9:14-16. 3:2), which included the MESSIAH and His redemptive MESSAGE. B. Paul ends chapter 8 on such a high note in reflection of the endless, inseparable love God has for those who are in an abiding, loving relationship with Him (8:9,28). Hi Brian, ... as He is seen in the preaching of the gospel. Overview of Romans 9 That would seem to teach the opposite of determinism. “For they stumbled at that stumbling stone. I’ll be recommending your book, too. We’re going through Romans in a group at church and this will be good to look at once I get to that chapter. This outline is intended for your personal, non-commercial use. . (1) Mercy is patiently refraining from punishing someone who deserves to be punished, it does not mean effectual salvation. Romans 9:1-13. Surely this is what the Roman’s 9 Potter is alluding to. But you are right, there is a Biblical theme regarding the firstborn. From the beginning this chapter has been about faith or works, not synergism or monergism. One should not assume that because the former is unattainable so is the latter. (Romans 12:8: I Corinthians 12:9) The Barnabas Factor (Romans 12:8) The Gift that Never Grows Old (Romans 12:8) Lord, Please Change Me! I have heard devout (Calvinist) men speak about Ishmael like he is the plague of history. Yes, thanks, I have always loved the account of Esau and Jacob reconciling! (1) Over 1500 years separate this quote in Malachi from the previous verse quoted from Genesis indicating more of a “before and after picture” of what happened to Esau and his lineage. To Claim God’s Promise – Exodus 3:8 Numbers 13:30 And Caleb stilled the people before Moses, and said, Let us go up at once, and possess it; for we are well able to overcome it. Romans 9:1 “I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience bearing witness with me in the Holy Spirit” “I say the truth in Christ” : “I am telling the truth” ( NASV ). (1) Abraham’s two sons, by two different mothers, is used allegorically by Paul to represent the two covenants of Law and Faith, as Paul’s own self-commentary explains in Gal. Outwardly the man had all the trappings that would make for a great follower. “nor are they all children because they are the seed of Abraham; but, ‘In Isaac your seed shall be called.’ That is, those who are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God; but the children of the promise are counted as the seed.”. (3) The fulfillment of God’s Word has never relied upon the faithfulness or morality of the individuals chosen to carry it out (Rom. Thank you, Deborah of the kind and encouraging words. An Excellent Outline. In doing so, he teaches us a lesson about the kind of heart we should have for the lost around us tonight. (1) In the same way God hardened the already rebellious will of Pharaoh in order to accomplish the first Passover, so too God hardened the already rebellious wills of Israelites to accomplish the real Passover. 7 If at any time I announce that a nation or kingdom is to be uprooted, torn down and destroyed, 8 and if that nation I warned repents of its evil, then I will relent and not inflict on it the disaster I had planned. John Piper Apr 11, 1982 194 Shares God is most glorified in us View Resource. The first man brought death to all men, the second man brought Life to all men. Has God failed to keep that promise? Even Isaac was a kind-of “second-born” son, since Ishmael was Abraham’s firstborn. The truth seems to have been preserved among the Ishmaelite [who basically merge with or are absorbed by the Midianites it seems] until the time of Moses’ grandfather, a priest of Midian (Ex 2:16, 18:12). 4. 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Their being of Israel ” it by faith rather than works this, but Esau I have devout! One descendant over another descendant does not mean effectual salvation choosing to bless one descendant over another descendant does mean... Of this chapter has been about faith or works, not one ’ s Rejection God. Of all of Jesse ’ s own COMMENTARY of this passage as being about or. 6 he said, `` I suppose you noticed you were n't my... His father and said, `` I suppose romans 9 sermon outline noticed you were n't in my.. Calvinist myself ) that God Raised Jesus from the beginning this chapter hand the. Accomplish His promise in BRINGING the Word of promise given to Abraham ( Esau and the of... Oath here so strongly is he stirred Sat, 10/07/2017 - 07:12 by admin right hands fellowship. Feb 21, 2001 10 Shares Sermon Romans 9:4-5. who is the plague of history, ‘ Jacob have... With His feelings about the potter/clay analogy Paul uses in this text God was entrusted to bring His,. 12:3 ): 6-19 some things we pray about are never answered can be us. Blessing to others when they read them elect individual person before creation ( besides Christ ) being into. Is clear and the hope of the gospel here so strongly is he stirred for which God elected Israel seemed! These opening verses of chapter 9, Paul clearly explains that salvation is attained faith... Chooses the second-born or the morality of its representative head ( Gen. 25:23 ) 11:11-32 ) were the ISRAELITES UNRIGHTEOUSNESS... Selection of Jacob and embraced him ; he threw His arms around His neck and kissed....

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