Ehow.com. Human offspring are just as multifaceted and as resilient as they are different. Despite the efforts taken in a bid to reduce the number of delinquents and recidivists, the U.S. continues to record high numbers of juvenile offenders in juvenile correctional facilities. The two can originate from sources outside the family. They should ensure that their children engage in productive social activities (Saminsky 1). This is likely to make them result to delinquent behavior. Some studies have linked genes to delinquency, arguing that children who are raised by criminals and drug addicts are likely to become delinquent. Poor school attendance is one of the top factors contributing to delinquency. Therefore, delinquency is caused by multiple reasons, i.e., biological, psychological and social environmental factors (1). Different theoretical models describe the relationship between variables and outcomes. Juvenile delinquency persists within every area, group, class, religion or even caste. Teenagers are still developing mentally and are easily influenced. NOAA Hurricane Forecast Maps Are Often Misinterpreted — Here's How to Read Them. Psychological causes, 3. Overall, juveniles were involved in one-quarter of serious violent victimization annually over … All these have a negative effect on the community because they make the community unsafe, and they make the government to spend colossal sums of money in school safety and law enforcement. It is important to note that numerous scholars argue that race is not the factor, but racism is (Mandel 1). These causes may be within an individual's social circumstances (for instance, a child who grows up with parents who smoke pot may be far more likely to view illegal drugs as a viable choice), or could be related to overarching social policies. This practice should be discouraged by vigilance on the part of parents and teachers, and effective community policing. A substantial percentage of arrests made each day in the U.S. comprises of people below the age of 18. Most of the delinquent teenagers belong from low social, economical or psychological background. Early onset of delinquent behavior is a predictor of chronic offending. Statistics indicate that in 1997 there were approximately 8.1 million delinquent juveniles in the United States and 49% increase in the delinquency rate has occurred during the years 1988 to 1997 (2). Juvenile delinquency is a big breading centre Two thousand of the aforementioned cases were criminal homicide. “Juveniles accounted for 16% of all violent crimes arrests and 32% of all property crime arrests in 1999. The number of juveniles engaging in delinquent behavior in various states is dependent on racial disparities. The trauma of having a juvenile delinquent in a family can potentially create instability for other members of the family. This is because the juveniles may develop psychological problems like rejection and low self-esteem, which may lead to delinquent behavior. The statistics outlined above show the seriousness of the issue of delinquency in the United States. Juvenile delinquency is closely related to sexual behavior, drug use, gang involvement etc. There are numerous causes of juvenile delinquency, including domestic violence, living in areas of poverty and high crime rates, inadequate social support and lack of access to education. It is common to hear of schoolchildren being used by gangs to market drugs, and carry assault weapons. It will also help in identifying delinquent children so that they can be counseled, or even sent for correctional services. The family has to meet the needs of the juvenile in trouble, and raise lawyer’s fees. 2011. Prominent among the uncontrollable variables are different laws in different states, changing laws in the same state, the vigilance and adequacy of the police force, and the attitude of the police and the courts. School problem is one of the causes of juvenile delinquency. The effects of delinquency are far-reaching and they therefore, affect the community, victims of the delinquent, the society as a whole, and even the delinquents themselves. Most of these crimes make the juvenile to lose his/her freedom because he/she may be placed on probation, or even incarcerated. The causes of juvenile delinquency may be classified under two major factors: (A) Social factors, and (B) Personality factors. Causes Of Juvenile Delinquency 1496 Words | 6 Pages. Research has shown that children who are raised by single parents or divorcees tend to be more delinquent than their counterparts who are raised in traditional families are (Mandel 1). Another factor that has been proved to contribute to juvenile delinquency is family influence. School is not only a place to learn and grow; it is also a structured routine that provides children with a goal to accomplish each day. This, therefore, calls for a nuanced approach in the issue of juvenile delinquency. Social Factors Favoring Juvenile Delinquency: 1. to juvenile delinquency and juvenile jus-tice. CEO Compensation and America's Growing Economic Divide. The recidivism rates of young offenders can also be reduced by having a program for the correction of delinquents. 2010. The recreational facilities will give the juveniles alternative hobbies that will occupy their time after they are released from custody, and thus they will have less time to consider reoffending. The two cannot be separated since one of the reasons for crime and its continuance into adult life is the ineffective control and treatment of juveniles. Public schools have the backing of the government. It is common knowledge that the problem of juvenile delinquency is immense in the society, and thus a change of tact is critical if the society is to overcome this problem. Sometimes youths adopt positive behaviors after incarceration, and use their experiences to serve as role models for other troubled youths. In simple terms, juvenile delinquency refers to the act of committing a crime at a young age. Given the effects that delinquency has in the society, it is vital to understand the causes of delinquency. Race is a significant factor in predicting delinquent behavior. Physical causes, 2. They need parent’s guidance to figure out the difference of good or bad. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, juvenile offenders were involved in at least 649 murders in the United States in 2012. This is normally costly and disruptive (Barker 1). A number of interventions can be used to prevent, and reduce delinquency and recidivism. DATA ON the frequency of juvenile delinquency are necessarily inaccurate. “The Effects of Juvenile Delinquency”. The causes that are included in the following discussion are those that have been proven through practical research. Juvenile delinquency is a big problem that not only affects the victims of the delinquents, but it also affects the juvenile delinquents themselves, their family, and even the society as a whole. It is estimated that the percentage for violent crime arrests currently stands at about 17 % (Barker 1). Barker, Leslie. delinquency is an integral part of criminology. Juvenile Delinquency refers to participation of minors in illegal crimes. Some of the reasons that are most common for a minor to turn to juvenile delinquency include: School Problems . Concepts of Law Enforcement: Pursuing Criminal Justice, Crime Prevention Programs and Criminal Rehabilitation, The Solution to Juvenile Delinquency is Simple, The Endangered Species Act: to Strengthen or Not to Strengthen, Bullying and Sexual Harassment at Work Place, Law Enforcement Cameras are an Invasion of Privacy. This can be achieved by having legislation in place that ensures that juveniles are corrected differently, and in facilities different from the ones used for adult correction. In a number of cases, Juveniles are tried in adult courts. Studentpulse.com. Another way of preventing delinquency, though controversial, is reducing or eradicating racism. Educational causes, 5- Political causes. They make their values and set the norms of society. Every state in the U.S. is aiming to reduce the number of juveniles being recruited to delinquency, and the number of juvenile delinquents recidivating. The family also has an ethical obligation to the victim of the delinquent. Families are required to attend counseling sessions as a group. This may be due to causes mentioned above, or to pampering, or to desire for attention. It will also help to boost the self-esteem of teenagers in these minority groups, and thus instances of offenses caused by low self-esteem will be limited in these minority groups (Saminsky 1). Statistics released by bureaus in various states indicate that the rate of juvenile offense is increasing. Non-traditional families like reconstituted families and single parent families may also be a factor. Any of these conditions may lead to delinquency. Broken families, single parent fa… The best way to reduce the number of delinquency cases is by using the preventative measures that have been outlined in the paragraph above. This will therefore lead to a better society. One of the leading causes of delinquent behavior among juveniles is peer influence. Research has proven that families in which there is no strong emotional bonding tend to have juveniles who turn out to be delinquent. Often the cause of juvenile delinquency is economic problems in family. This policy brief is intended to reach the decision makers in the United States Department of Justice. Juvenile delinquency is a gateway to adult crime, since a large percentage of criminal careers have their roots in childhood causing serious problems all over the world. Juvenile delinquency, also known as "juvenile offending", is the act of participating in unlawful behavior as a minor or individual younger than the statutory age of majority. Research shows that young people who form relationships with positive individuals and groups that pursue positive commitments tend to shun delinquent behavior. Offending patterns among groups that have, in the past, been described as risk groups for juvenile delinquency are worsening, or at least, unchanging. 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